"Gulliver's Travels" Part 1, Chapter 1 by Jonathon Swift

걸리버 여행기 - ガリヴァー旅行記 - 格列佛遊記 - Những cuộc Phiêu lưu của Gulliver

Please click here to read the book: http://www.gutenberg.org/dirs/etext97/gltrv10h.htm

This novel is both a satire on human nature and a parody of "travellers' tales".

Broadly, the book has three themes:

* a satirical view of the state of European government, and of petty differences between religions.
* an inquiry into whether men are inherently corrupt or whether they become corrupted.
* a restatement of the older "ancients versus moderns" controversy previously addressed by Swift in The Battle of the Books.

For more information see: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gulliver%27s_Travels

It is not necessary to read the introduction; please start from Chapter 1 if you do not wish to read it.
oddddeok Jan 3, 2009


Jan 4, 2009 oddddeok
Did you notice how just after the chapter heading, a small chapter summary is written? This was a common practice in early novels.

Some language notes:

"at fourteen years old" - at the age of fourteen (archaic usage)

"a narrow fortune" - only have a small amount of money

"to be bound apprentice" - to be contracted to work as an apprentice

"I continued four years" - I continued for four years (archaic)

"I laid them out" - I spent it (the money)

"my fortune" - my destiny

"to maintain me" - to spend on life's essentials, e.g. food, clothing etc.

"physic" - the medical profession (archaic) -> physician (doctor)

"the Levant" - the eastern Mediterranean lands

"to which Mr. Bates, my master, encouraged me" - which my master, Mr.Bates, encouraged me to do

"took part of a small house" - bought a share of a house, an appartment, private rooms in a house

"Old Jewry" - the name of a street in London. It was a medieval Jewish ghetto until 1290 dating from circa 1066. For more information see http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=45055

"to alter my condition" - to improve one's social position

"brethren" - literally brothers, meaning fellow physicians

"got some addition to my fortune" - added to my savings

"turn to account" - it didn't work out

"South Sea" - South America and surrounding waters

"thence" - from that place

"Van Diemen's Land" - Tasmania, Australia

"immoderate labour and ill food" - impossibly hard word work and poor/rotten food

"cable's length" - an old nautical measurement of length, approx. 185 metres

"made a shift" - to perform urgent actions

"leagues" - an old measurement of length, approx. 5.5 km

"spent with labour" - exhausted from work

"overset" - tipped upside down

"flurry" - gust of wind

"almost gone" - almost dead

"at least" - , at least to say,or rather

"slept sounder than I remembered to have done" - slept better than I ever remember

"awaked" - awoke

"able to stir" - able to move

"ligatures" - ropes, bonds

"were hurt with the falls they got by leaping" - hurt by the fall when they leapt

"I a little loosened" - I loosened a litlle

"I felt above" - I felt from above

"though I felt them not" - though I didn't feel them (archaic)

"I fell a-groaning" - I fell down groaning

"buff jerkin" - leather jacket

"they were all of the same size with him" - they were all the same size as him (archaic)

"page" - a boy servant

"train" - an elongated part of a skirt or robe trailing behind on the ground

"thither" - to that place (archaic)

"upon the first intelligence he received of me" - from when he first heard about me

"bigness" - size (archaic)

"marks" - signs

"hogshead" - barrel of alcohol

"at a draught" - in one large and hurried swallow (archaic)

"the vessels" - the hogsheads

"durst" - dared, were bold enough

"signet royal" - royal seal

"whither" - whereupon

"disapprobation" - disapproval

"which were all in blisters" - which were blistered all over

"I gave tokens" - I gave a sign

"train" - retinue (this word has several meanings)

"making water" - urinate

"mingled a sleepy potion" mixed a sleeping drug

"the emperor had early notice of it by an express" - the emperor had received an express message innforming him of it

"on the like occasion" - in a similar situation

"the first sense of smart" - at the first sting

"wherewith" - with which

"men of war" - warships

"packthread" - a strong thread or string for sewing or tying up packages

"had girt" - had encircled (archaic)

"soporiferous" - sleep bringing, soporific

"half-pike" - a weapon

"stole off" - sneaked off

'if I should offer to stir" - if I showed any signs of moving

"would by no means suffer his majesty" - would in no way allow his majesty

"fourscore and eleven" - 91 (archaic), one score = twenty, therefore, 4 x 20 + 11

"six-and-thirty" - 36

"reckoned that above a hundred thousand inhabitants" - estimated that over a hundred thousand inhabitants

"upon pain of death" - liable to the penalty of death

"are not to be expressed" - can not be explained
Jan 7, 2009 Noy
thank you na ka... ^^
Jan 9, 2009 dbsgml7
I am new member of this community.
So I don't know about your system.
After reading the book, what should I do?
Please answer me!!
I wanna be active member~
Thanks for this really great community that will make me read English book!
Actually I am a bookworm.hh
Jan 10, 2009 oddddeok
Welcome to the new members! It's an easy system:

1st - Read the chapter, you could even print it out so you can write notes on it.

2nd - If you can't understand something, ask here! Other people probably have the same questions.

3rd - What do you think about what's happening in the book? Write your thoughts here. That way, we can understand the story and it's deeper meaning better.

Using this method you will improve your English and you can learn how to analyse and enjoy the book.

Does anyone have any questions yet? Do you want more time before continuing to the next chapter? We are due to start the next chapter on 09/01/09, but we can take one more week if you need it.
Jan 12, 2009 oddddeok
Because of the late start, please take one extra week to read Chapter One.

What do you think of the book? Is it interesting?

Is one week too short to read a chapter?