SECOND LANGUAGE ACQUISITION THEORY

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Feb 28, 2016 09:15
SECOND LANGUAGE ACQUISITION THEORY

Transfer from our first language has been long considered the most important factor in SLA and taken as positive or negative according to the typological distance between L1 and L2. Behaviorism theories considered language as a set of definite habit thus accorded a great influence to our first habit/language which was supposed to be the primary source of either success or failure. L2 learners learning strategies were seen as based on correct or incorrect predictions made on their L1 knowledge. Therefore the principle task for the teacher was to compare the 2 languages and to predict the areas of weakness and also to avoid the negative transfer to occur by isolating what it needs to be learned from what it doesn`t need to be learned and giving to the former more space in the classroom instructions. This method was called Contrastive Analysis.