In Japanese language of polite style and plain style

  • 1319
  • 9
  • 1
  • English 
Feb 9, 2012 16:26
In Japanese language of polite style and plain style
The predicates which are use in polite style sentences and accompanied by either “desu”
or“masu”are called the polite form, while the predicates used in plain style sentences
are called the plain form.
Japanese language has two style of speech which are polite style and plain one.

The polite style can be used at anytime in any place and to anybody.
Therefore, the polite style is used most commonly in daily conversation between adults two are not close friends.
It is used when talking to person one has met for the first time, to one’s superiors, or even to persons in a similar age group to whom one is not very close.
The polite style may be chosen when one talks to a person who is younger or lower in rank yet not so close.
The plain style is used when talking to friends, colleagues one’s and family members.
Note that you need to be careful about how much politeness is needed, basing this on the age of your conversation partner and your type of relationships.
If the plain style is used inappropriately , you could sound rough and impolite ,so when you cannot tell the situation it is safer to use the polite style.
The plain style is commonly used in written following work.
Newspaper, books, theses and diaries are all written in the plain style.


For exsample (例)
1. I will go to Tokyo tomorrow.
Polite: Asita Tokyo e ikimasu.
Plain : Asita Tokyo e iku.
2.I am busy every day.
Polite: Mainichi isogashii desu..
Plain : Mainichi isogashii ..
3. I like baseball.
Polite: Yakyuu ga suki desu..
Plain : Yakyuu ga suki.