Huang-Lao Daoism

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Aug 16, 2016 17:29
Huang-Lao Daoism
Recently, I read Chinese ancient history (Bo Yang’s Version: The Zizhi Tongjian). Last week, I read the posthumous edict of Emperor Wen of Han (202–157 BC), and admired the emperor. The main idea of the posthumous edict is as followings. He thought life and death is nature, and evaluated himself in a humble way that he did not have enough talents and virtues to make his people condole with grief. It should not exhaust the people and drain the treasury to host his funeral. He commanded to simplify all the rituals. I think it is not so easy. Even nowadays, many funerals are extravagant. Eulogy is indispensable too, especially for those who have power and resources. The main political thought in Emperor Wen of Han is Huang-Lao Daoism which Wu wei (means non-action or non-doing), quiet and simple way of governance. In the period of Emperor Wu of Han, Confucian was revered as sole dominant ideology. Confucian has become the mainstream in the after thousands years. However, I am interested in Huang-Lao Daoism. Probably this negative philosophy can bring unexpected inspirations to people who are living in the capitalist society which focuses on material gains. I hope I can know more about Huang-Lao Daoism.

Wu wei
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wu_wei

《淮南子》
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Huainanzi
《漢書》《文帝紀》71
http://ctext.org/han-shu/wen-di-ji/zh
Emperor Wen of Han
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emperor_Wen_of_Han
黄老思想
最近在讀中國古代歷史(《資治通鑑》)
上週我讀到了漢文帝(前203年-前157年7月6日)的遺詔,覺得有些感動。大意是生死是自然之事,且自謙自己才能不足,不要發動人民來哭弔,更不要為皇帝的喪禮勞民傷財。下令一切儀式從簡。我覺得這很不容易,即使到了現代,還是很多喪禮弄得鋪張,而且不免歌功頌德,尤其是那些有權勢的大人物更不用說。
漢文帝時代是以「黃老思想」為主,主張清淨、無為,簡單素樸的治理方式。在之後漢武帝獨尊儒術,之後幾千年的歷史就以儒家思想為主流了。但我對「黃老思想」很感興趣,說不定這種消極的治世態度可以給我們過度功利的資本主義社會意外的啟發。有機會希望多認識黃老思想。

Wu wei
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wu_wei

《淮南子》
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Huainanzi
《漢書》《文帝紀》71
http://ctext.org/han-shu/wen-di-ji/zh
Emperor Wen of Han
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emperor_Wen_of_Han