一个不切实际的基督教条

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  • Mandarin 
Jul 21, 2018 16:55
”在基督教的教条里如同穆斯林教条里一般,放高利贷,无论是在什么情况下一律受到禁止。中世纪晚期,国库的资金筹措与资本主义机关的兴建,在一个禁止放高利贷的基督教社会里所面临的问题,以允许犹太人开银行的方式都得以解决了。这样一来,犹太人就被视为贱民,如同印度社会里以硝制牛皮为业的人们被视为贱民一般。犹太界这样累计的庞大财富,引起了基督徒的憎恨。 这也就是莎士比亚《威尼斯商人》一剧中犹太放高利贷者夏洛克形象的来源。 这个仇恨一直到现在是反犹太情绪的基础。在德国魏玛共和国时期,尽管自由市场经济的倒塌,银行家们(其中犹太人占大多数)还是捞了一大把了。这个事实对于希特勒以及纳粹运动上台起了关键作用。“
摘自《卫报》在线论坛上的讨论
“Usury - all usury - is banned by Christian doctrine, as it is by Muslim doctrine. In the late Middle Ages the problem of financing the royal exchequer and setting up capitalist institutions in the face of the Christian ban on usury was resolved by allowing Jews to act as bankers. They therefore came to be viewed as pariahs, just as cow hide tanners are pariahs in Hindu society. It was in this way that the Jewish community was able to accrue vast wealth and thereby to bring down on its head the loathing of the Christians. Hence Shylock. This enmity is still the underlying basis of modern anti-Semitism. The fact that (mainly) Jewish bankers did very well out of the collapse of free-market economics in Weimar Germany was the determining reality in the rise of Hitler and the Nazi movement.”

From a discussion on the “The Guardian”'s online forum.