矛盾重重的意大利作家马拉帕尔泰

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Nov 18, 2018 07:37
Curzio•马拉帕尔泰(本名Kurt Erich Suckert)出生于一九九八年六月九日。他一生坎坷,在一九五七年七月十九日去世了。他是一位意大利作家、电影导演、战地记者兼外交官。在自己的国土外,最为人知晓的是他的两本著作,即1944年出的《完蛋了》与1949年出的《皮肤》。在前者,马拉帕尔泰用半小说化的文笔来叙述二战期间,德军在东方前线的经历,而后者《皮肤》以战火未消,道德败坏的意大利那不勒斯为背景,陈述他在二战刚结束后不久的经历。(后者一本被梵蒂冈当局列为《禁书目录》上的一本禁书了。

上个世纪20年代,他与其他一些知识分子在《900》杂志里发表了推崇意大利法西斯主义以及法西斯领袖穆索里尼的文章。尽管如此,马拉帕尔泰与国家法西斯党关系很复杂。他的独立性格导致了他在1933年被开除了党籍。他屡次被拘留,在卡普里岛上被软禁的期间里,他盖了一栋名曰《马拉帕尔泰府》的房子。二战结束后他成为了电影导演,他与Togliatti领导下的意大利共产党也变得很亲近。曾为坚决的无神论者的他,二战后与天主教也变得很亲近。据说他晚年的时候,不但加入了共产党,他还皈依了天主教。

— — 摘自维基百科全书
Curzio Malaparte (Italian pronunciation: [ˈkurtsjo malaˈparte]; 9 June 1898 – 19 July 1957), born Kurt Erich Suckert, was an Italian writer, film-maker, war correspondent and diplomat. Malaparte is best known outside Italy due to his works Kaputt (1944) and La pelle (1949). The former is a semi-fictionalised account of the Eastern Front during the Second World War and the latter is an account focusing on morality in the immediate post-war period of Naples (it was placed on the Vatican's Index Librorum Prohibitorum).

During the 1920s, Malaparte was one of the intellectuals who supported the rise of Italian fascism and Benito Mussolini, through the magazine 900. Despite this, Malaparte had a complex relationship with the National Fascist Party and was stripped of membership in 1933 for his independent streak. Arrested numerous times, he had Casa Malaparte created in Capri where he lived under house arrest. After the Second World War, he became a film maker and moved closer to both Togliatti's Italian Communist Party and the Catholic Church (though once a staunch atheist), reputedly becoming members of both before his death.[1][2][3]

- Source:Wikipedia